Pakistan : Overview



Pakistan is a country in southern Asia. It is next to IndiaIranAfghanistan, and China. It is officially called the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. It has a long coastline along the Arabian Sea in the south. Pakistan has the sixth largest population in the world. Pakistan has a total land area of 880,940 km2 (340,130 sq mi) (including the Pakistani-administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan). This makes Pakistan the 34th largest country in the world. Pakistan has the seventh largest army in the world. The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad. Before 1960, it was Karachi, which is now the country's largest city.

Pakistan, a land of many splendors and opportunities, a repository of a unique blend of history and culture for both the East and West has been the cradle of one of the oldest civilizations. The Indus valley, is the ninth most populous Area in the world, with 134 million tough, conscientious, hard working people wishing and striving hard to enter into the 21st century as equal partners in the community of the different developed nations. During the last 20 years Pakistan's economy has been one of the fastest growing in the world-the seventh fastest in Asia.


Tourism attraction of Pakistan

Pakistan has full of breathtaking locations, which will make you fall in love with this country all over again. Pakistan is blessed with excellent tourist spots nearly all over the country. Historical places merge into natural sights in the most appealing manner. Pakistan have the sights worth-seeing at Banbhor, east of Karachi, with its famous museum. Makli in Sindh has the largest necropolis (large graveyard east of Karachi), with its famous museum. Makli in Sindh has the largest necropolis. Thatta is famous because of Makli. Moenjo-daro near Taxila, Harappa near sahiwal, the Lahore Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, Jehangir's and Nur Jehan's tombs and the Shalimar Gardens in  Lahore are famous historical sights. The Khyber pass in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa  through which conquerors from Afghanistan and Iran entered India, is a natural sight that reflects history. Murree, Ayubia , Swat , Kagan and Naran in the north and Ziarat in Balochistan are fresh and cool like open nature. Kalam and its famous Mahudan lake in north are paradisiacal in natural beauty. The Saiful-Maluk alke is close to Naran. It is the hightest lake on earth whose depth is still unknown.the beautiful mountains around it dwarf us in our human existence. Natural beauty , in all its forms , is offered by mountainous Khyber Pakhtunwa, its valleys , lakes and streams. Historical and cultural sites are found in plenty in Sindh and Punjab. The natural beauty of Pakistan is also unmatched. Pakistan has the world most beautiful places for visit, specially at its best in northern areas of Pakistan and Kashmir region. This part of the country is famous all around the world because of its high sky mountains, lush green valleys, mighty rivers, beautiful lakes and amazing wildlife. The paradise on earth “Neelum Valley”, mini Switzerland “Swat valley” and mountain kingdom “Hunza Valley” are the major tourist attraction in Pakistan. All these places are real natural beauties of the world. Here, below is a list of top best natural places to visit in the Pakistan.


1.Neelum Valley:

Neelum is a beautiful valley containing about 370 small and large villages and near about two hundred thousand population. It starts from Chelhana and goes till Taobut 250 km long. Neelum Valley is situated to the North & North East of Muzaffarabad and running parallel to the Kaghan Valley. It is separated from it by snow covered peaks, some over 4000 meters above sea level. Excellent scenic beauty, panoramic view, towering hills on both sides of the noisy Neelum river, lush green forests, enchanting streams, high altitude lakes and attractive surroundings make the valley a dream come true. The swaying lush green forests, snow capped mountains, streams singing songs of joy, and fast flowing river Neelum, all go together to make it naturalist’s wonderland. The area is also ideal for mountain tourism. A part of Nanga Parbat gigantic falls in this area which is dominated by "Sarwaali Peak" (6326 meters) the highest mountain in Azad Kashmir. Moreover like Kaghan Valley it is famous for fishing and angling activities in Neelum river and Jagran Nullah which are stocked with trout fish. Its sole tourist attraction is a seventeen century fort built by the town’s founder, a chief of the Chak tribe named Muzaffar Khan, to ward off the Mughal armies of Emperor Akbar. Neelum valley is an attractive place for tourists due to its famous lush greenery, springs, streams, lakes and hilly and sloppy mountains. Some of the famous attraction are Athmuqum, Kutton Jagran, Karen, Neelum , Ratti Galli, Babbon, Noori top, Taobut and many more.


2, Hunza Valley

Hunza valley is located at some distance from Gilgit and is situated at elevation of 2.5 kilometer. Hunza has been the quick and short access to other valleys like Swat and Gandhara over the years. In the season of summer numbers of tourists come to Hunza valley from all over the world. Hunza is beautiful and historical place where everything is available according to the requirements of tourists. The maximum temperature of Hunza valley in the season of summer is 14 Celsius and in winter season it reaches to -10 Celsius. In the winter season it is really difficult to visit this valley because of heavy snow on Karakoram Highway. Therefore tourists come here to enjoy the beauty of nature in summer season. The best time to visit Hunza valley is from May to October. Some attraction are Rakaposhi Base Camp, Diran Base Camp, Hoper Glacier, Passue and Gulmit, Khunjrab Pass, Atta abad lake, Swat river etc.


3. Kalash Valley

The Kalasha Valley is valley in Chitral District in northern Pakistan. The valleys are surrounded by the Hindu Kush mountain range. The inhabitants of the valley are the Kalash people, who have a unique culture, language and follow a form of ancient Hinduism. As such, the Kalasha Valleys are a source of attraction for Pakistani as well as International tourists. There are three main valleys.The largest and most populous valley is Bumburet (Mumuret), reached by a road from Ayun in the Kunar ValleyRumbur and Acholgah are side valleys north of Bumburet. The third valley, Biriu (Birir), is s side valley of the Kunar Valley south of Bumburet. . Kalash valley is one of the major tourist attraction in Pakistan.Kelash is a very old greek civilization. The people belonging in thid cicilization are called The Kelash  which have their own tribes, culture, custom and religion. People here live in small villages which they built on the hill sides. People of kalash are cheerful and celebrate festivals like Uchal Festival, Phoo Festival and Chomos Festival. These are the attraction for visitors.


4. Kaghan Valley

Kaghan Valley is a scenic wonderland. Kaghan is a jewel among the many beautiful valleys in the Mansehra District of Hazara in the North West Frontier Province (Khyber Pakhtoon Khuah) of Pakistan.  It is one of the best visiting places in pakistan. Kaghan valley is about 48km from naran. Naran valley is accessable by a road from mansehra. Kaghan valley is famous for its mountains, dales, lakes, water-falls, streams and glaciers. The road from balakot is very close to the river and it gives wonderful scenes. The valley is surrounded by the forest and peaks of mountains. Kaghan valley is very attractive to tourists. There are many big and small lakes in the valley of kaghan. Popular lakes in kaghan valley are lake saif ul malook, lulusar lake and Dudipatsar lake. You can also do fishing. You can also visit naran which is near the valley of kaghan. Kaghan is famous for its artistically-carved walnut handicrafts, embroidered shawls, shirts and woolen blankets. Kaghan is full of scenic beauty it is full of thirll and excitment.Kaghan is best in summers. kaghan valley is such a deeply satisfying experience .Kaghan is also one of the best tourist destination in pakistan. Attractive tourism spot of Kaghan Vallley are shogran, jared,, Naran, Lake Saiful Muluk, Lake Dudipat Sar, Lake Lulu Sar, Babusar Pass and many more.


5. Swat Valley

Swat known as the Switzerland of Pakistan.The River Swat is a clear water river starting from the Ushu rage of mountains to the spread of the valley of Swat. It is one of the greenest valleys of the Northern Pakistan. here are regular flights from Islamabad to Swat and back. The valley of Swat is located in the middle of foothills of Hindukush mountain range. The main town of the valley is Mingora and Saidu Sharif. Swat is a place for leisure Lover, Hikers and archeologis. The Swat women wear colorful embroidered shirts and shalwars. he men wear shalwar-qamiz and embroidered caps or silk turban. There are many other great places to visit such as, Madyan, Bahrain, Kalam, Usho, Utror, Ghabral, Mahudan, Pari Lake, Kundal Lake, Bashigram Lake, White Stream Lake, and Daral Lake.


6. Murree Hills

Pakistan’s most popular hill station Murree is located along Islamabad-Kohala highway N75, some 30 km (19 mi) northeast of Pakistan’s capital Islamabad in the Himalayan foothills. Murree is one of the most visiting hill stations of Pakistan. For those who live downwards to it Murree is like a fantasy city. People from all over the country visit this beautiful hill resort to escape from the sweltering heat and also goes in winter for the astonishing experience of snow fall. Mountains covered with lush green trees, cold atmosphere, fresh air, beautiful valleys and most importantly clouds on the roads hugging you with full of happiness. Bhurban and New Murree(patriata) are a main tourist center. One of the most favorite point of Murree is gallit, it has fascinating greenery and scenic beauty that attracts tourist from different countries. Some of the major attractions of Murree are Dunga Gali, Muskpuri Hill, Nathia Gali, Bara Gali and Mall road.


7. Shandur pas

Shandur- the highest polo ground on earth is about 3738 meter above the sea level and lies midway between Chitral andGilgit. Each summer a huge event called Shandar polo festival is organized here which is the great source of tourist attraction. Different participant come against each other in this freestyle contest. The pass is generally unpopulated and passing through its snow-covered slopes in winter is exceptionally difficult adventure. The polo ground is about 168 Km from tha main town Chitral and accessible by jeep. The road is closed during winter due to heavy snow.


8. Rawalakot

Rawalakot is a town in Azad Kashmir, and is the district headquater of pooch division.It is located in the Pir Panjal Range. Its other name is Pearl Valley because the excess of almond blossoms in the valley gives an impression of scattered pearls when seen from a mountain in summers. Rawalakot has one of the highest literacy and graduation rates in South is the beautiful valley surrounded by hills, which is located 80 km away from Rawalpidi and Islamabad. Rawalkot is summer visiting point. There are many attractions for visitor like Tatta Pani, Banjosoa lake, Sudhungalli and many more.


9. Ziarat

Ziarat the capital of Ziarat DistrictBalochistan ProvincePakistan. It is a holiday resort, about 130 km from the capital city of Balochistan province Quetta. The famous Quaid-e-Azam Residency is also there in the valley, where Quaid spent a few of his most memorable days. Tourists from all over Balochistan and also from Sindh province visit the valley in the harsh summers. Its overall cold weather, fascinating sceneries, lush green forests and mighty mountains attracts tourists of all kinds. The hill station is easily accessible from Quetta through a Highway. While accessing it from Loralai is little difficult due to bad road conditions. The third way of accessing the valley is through Harnai District although it is pretty dangerous near Dumiara waterfall.


10. Jehlum Valley

Jhelum Valley a valley in Jhelum valley District of Azad KashmirPakistan. It is a 50 kilometers long valley located along with Jhelum river surrounded by lush green mountains. Hattian Bala is the main town and district headquarters of the valley. This is an ideal valley of Azad Kashmir region for both the domestic and international tourist. The curling river Jhelum passes through from east to west between between the high green mountains of this valley. This valey has most beautiful valley “Leepa Vlley”. This is the most fascinating and lovliest valley in Azad Kashmir. Its lush green rice field in summer and typical wooden Kashmiri houses present a wonderful view to the people visiting this area.  Walnut, apple, cherry and honey of leepa are very popular and in great demand. There are many cisiting sites like Peerchanasi, Chikar, Chinary, Leepa, Chakothi, Ghari Dopatta, chokothi cham-fall and Zilzaal Lake.


11. Mount K2

Mount K2 is also known as Mount Godwin-Austen or Chhogori. It is the second highest mountain in the world, after Mount Everest, at 8,611 metres (28,251 ft) above sea level. It is located on the China-Pakistan border between Baltistan, in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of northern Pakistan, and the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County of Xinjiang, China.. K2 is the National mountain of Pakistan. K2 is the highest point of the Karakoram Range and the highest point in both Pakistan and Xinjiang. K2 is known as the Savage Mountain due to the extreme difficulty of ascent. It has the second-highest fatality rate among the eight thousanders. It is more difficult and hazardous to reach the peak of K2 from the Chinese side, so it is usually climbed from the Pakistani side and K2 has never been climbed during winter.


12. Nanga Parbat

Nanga Parbat is the ninth highest mountain in the world at 8,126 metres (26,660 ft) above sea level. It is the western anchor of the Himalayas around which the Indus River skirts into the plains of Pakistan. It is in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan and is locally known as Diamir or Deo Mir (deo meaning "huge" and mir meaning "mountain").Nanga Parbat is one of the eight-thousanders, with a summit elevation of 8,126 metres (26,660 ft).An immense, dramatic peak rising far above its surrounding terrain, Nanga Parbat is also a notoriously difficult climb. Numerous mountaineering deaths in the mid and early-20th century lent it the nickname "killer mountain".